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Founded in 1769 ofthe mouth ofthe River Ngunza by Dom Francisco Inocêncio de Sousa Coutinho, at the time General Governor of Angola.

Sumbe is the capital city of the province of Kuanza Sul, which has a surface of 55, 660 km2. The province has mountainous areas and plains with a varied relief. The altitude is between zero and 500 metres, as in the municipalities of Sumbe and Porto Amboim. Most of the province is between 1,000 and 15,000 metres high. The climate ranges from warm and humid to hot and dry.

The main municipalities are: Sumbe, Porto Amboim, Amboim, Quilenda, Conda, Seles, Ebo, Cela, Cassongue, Kibala, Libolo and Mussende. Fishing is the main economic activity.

The province has wonderful beaches, excellent for swimming, such as the ones at Sumbe, Kicombo, Chicucula, Carimba and Porto Amboim. On the beach at Sumbe, Salinas, Foz do Cubal and Foz do Cuvo there are various species of fish: prata, macoa, corvina, pargo (sea-bream), barbudo and shark. Wonderful bays create perfect beaches for the visitor to enjoy.

Ethnic groups
Due to the wars between tribes, the ethnic groups are not homogenous in this region, which gives rise to misunderstandings between the communities and an unfavourable atmosphere for people from outside, who come looking for good lands to cultivate. The ethnic groups are: Kibalas, Ngoias Mus. seles, Mussumbas and Bailundos.
The population is mainly farmers and the basic foodstuffs are composed of mandioc or com porridge, fish and vegetables.

The boys are circumcised between the ages of five and eight. The rites of each region are respected (traditional weddings, circumcision, divorce, the death of the soba (chief), hunting, traditional fishing methods, the widow and grazing. The women wear beads, a headscarf and some of them, a cloth and quimone. They are responsible for looking after the children and preparing the food. The men take care of the hunting, the fishing, looking after the herds, house-building and other manual works.

Handicraft is easy to find all over the region. The works are made with ceramics, sisal fibre, ivory, wood and horn.

Useful information
Police: Tel.: (036) 41102
Hospital: Tel: (036) 41532
Red Cross.: Tel.: (063) 30617

Rai1way: Tel.: (036) 20430
TAAG: Tel.: (036) 30505
Angola Telecom: Tel.: (036) 30001

The province has a tropical, high-altitude climate and generally, the temperature varies with the latitude. The fact that it is near the sea makes for more homogenous conditions. 

The hottest months along the coast are from January to April, whi1e Ju1y and August are the coldest ones.


How to get There
By road
From Luanda straight to Kwanza Sul, which is 492 km.

By air There are landing strips for aircraft in the cities of Waco Kungo, Sumbe, Gabela, and Kibala.

By sea Commercial Port of Porto Amboim.

Nature Reserves

Hunting - There are good conditions for the hunting of small animals and ornamental birds in many places.

Flora - The flora of this province is rich, providing the country with a great variety of types of wood.

Fauna - There is also a great variety of fauna. Common wild animals are wild fowl, rabbit, deer, pacassa and enjeu, among others.

Rivers - The Rivers Cambongo, Cubal and Keve offer excellent conditions for the practice of water sports, sailing, fishing and duck shooting.

Rio Longa
- You can sail along this River as far as the junction at Nhia, a distance of around 80 km. The Rivers Covo or Keve also, until the Binga falls.

Main tourist attractions
One of the areas of greatest interest for tourists is the Medicinal Waters of Waco Kungo. Other places of interest are the falls with opportunities for white-water rafting, at Takota na Conda and Pedra d' água in Catanda in the municipality of Seles.

15 kilometres from Sumbe, is the Bay of Quicombo, where in 1640, Salvador Correia de Sá anchored his naus and then set sail for Luanda to fight the Dutch.

There are a number ofbays, with good beaches. 11 km from the city, there are the Sumbe caves with stalactites and stalagmites, possible among the finest examples in the world. Of special interest is the forest and the caves at Sassa, the Kicombo caves, the Sumbe Ceramic Works, Porto Amboim, Calulo, Kibala, Waco Kungo, the qyarry at Sumbe and Porto Amboim.

Cultural tourism
Ruins and Archaeological Remains:

There are ruins and archaeological remains, in a bad state of conservation. The most important ruins are those of the Fort of Kicombo, the Fortress of Kibala, the towns of Seles and CaluIo, the ruins of the old Fortress at Novo Redondo, the ancient cemetery and military barracks at Novo Redondo. Other places of interest are the rock engravings 12 km from the road which connects Kibala and Dongo (around the Neolithic Era), the rock engravings at Kinjinge (Ebo), the Sanga Cave (Cela), rock engravings at Quingunba (Ebo), the Assango Cave (Amboim), the Dumbi Cave (Kassongue), architectural modification Works at the main church (Igreja Matriz), Nossa Senhora da Conceição, and the construction of breakwaters along the coast, to defend against I
high tides.

Among the Fortresses and monuments with interesting archaeological, civilian, military, or funerary interest are the Fortresses of Kibala, Novo Redondo, Amboim, the Forts of Libolo, Seles, and the wall at Kariango (Kibala); Fortaleza (Fortress) da Kibala (ruins); Fortaleza de Novo Redondo (ruins); Fortaleza do Libolo do Amboim, Seles and Muralha (Wall) do Kariango. The province's authorities control 43 monuments, 36 of these being military and 3, religious.

Festas do Mar, (Sea Festival) in the cities of Sumbe and Porto Amboim;
City Fairs in ali the municipalities;
Christmas Fairs in Kwanza Sul (15th September).

Taag - Angolan Air Lines

Where to stay

Rua comandante Valodia;
Tel: (036) 20394

Av. Marginal; Tel: (036) 60277

Av. 4 de Fevereiro. Sombe;
Tel: (036) 30440 / 091 521412

Where to eat
Avenida 4 de Fevereiro;
Tel: (036) 30408

Rua dos estudantes;
Tel: (036) 41117



Kwanza Sul is one the beautiful provinces of Angola, boarding in the North with Bengo, Benguela to the South, to the Northeast with Malange and Kwanza North, to the Southeast, Kwanza Sul borders with Huambo, while to the East with Bié, and West with the Atlantic Ocean. Kwanza-Sul has mountainous plateaux zones. The altitudes between 0-500 meters are found in Sumbe and Porto Amboim Municipalities.

The major part of the extension of the province has altitudes that fall between 1500 meters approximately. The areas with altitudes higher than 1500 meters very small and dispersed. They are located above all in the municipality of Kassangue.

Waco Kungo, Kassangue, Gabela and Ebo have essentially a humid mesothermic climate while his localities of Calulo, Seles Sembe and Porto Amboim have arid and semi-arid climates. There are also mesothermic climates in the high regions of the hydroelectric basins of Longa, Cambongo, Queve or Kuvo and Kicombo.

Generally, the medium temperature varies when the latitude increases. On the other hand, the proximity of the sea influences very much in the decrease of its variation The hottest months on the coastland are; January, February, March and April, while June July and August are the coldest months. However, the hottest months inland the provinces are September and October.

After consulting the registry table it was noticed the following annual averages: 17º (in Waco Kungo, Kassangue and Kibala), 18º ( Gabela and Libolo), and 24º ( Sumbe and Porto Amboim).

The Provinces cities are Sumbe, Porto Amboim, Seles, Gabela, Conda, Waco Kungo, Kibala and Calulo; and there is free access to almost all municipalities but Mussende, Kassangue and Kibala; Sumbe and Waco Kngo cities have got airports in good condition of utilization by the airplanes; and there is a commercial port at Port Amboim.

Kwanza – Sul is rich in rivers and lakes, where one can practise fishing of cacusso, sheatfish, and others, but there are also hippopotamus and crocodiles.

With regard to fauna, it is small, but abundant and also with frequency of ornamental birds.

All this characterization already mentioned, and that will be described further on, has to do with the touristy bet for 2001 in Kwanza – Sul, Where in Sumbe and Porto Amboim will be observed the Eclipse of the Sun, a natural phenomenon that should be profited to show the spots of touristy relevance, what makes our province to be considered priority for the tourism growth.

Besides the Eclipse of the Sun, the observers will also be able to contemplate 15 Kms away from Sumbe, the bay of Quicombo, to reconquer Luanda from the hands of the Dutch ; the falls of Cachoeiras waters of Binda, Kuvo river; Tokota at Canda, Pedra d’água (storn of water) at Catanda in Seles, medicinal waters at Waco Kungo the seasides in Sumbe, Quicomgo, Chicuacula and Porto Amboim; 11 kms away from the city we can find the famous caverns or dens of Sumbe formed by the calcareous stalactite and stagnifs, giving surprising appearances; ruins and archaeological vestiges such as; Quikomgo fortress, Kibala fortress, Novo Redondo fortress and cemetery military quarters of Novo Redondo, the rupestral paintings located 12 kms away from the road linking Kibala – Dondo (nearly of the later stone age) the rupestral paintings located 12 kms away from the road linking Kibala – Dondo (nearly of the later stone age) the rupestral paintings of Kinginge (EBO), Assango den (AMBOIM) and the den of Dumbi (Kassangue); Kariango’s wall; the cultural aspects such as the ethnic groups: Kibalas, Ngoias, Mussumbas, Musseles, and Bailundos; the habits and customs, being the majority of the population farmers and the practice of handicraft, music and the traditional folklore, lays on the habits and customs of the people who integrate it, expressing their beliefs, puzzles, tales and proverbs identifying their knowledge.

The musical instruments are: marimba, ngoma, conguxi, clapper and whistle, etc.

These musical instruments are used in the recreative dances, commemorative ceremonies, in the magic’s, in the treatments, in the carnival and funerals. The main festivities of the Province are namely; the feasts of the sea in Sumbe and Porto Amboim and Seles; the anniversary party of kwanza-Sul on 15 September.

The hotelier net is not yet working very well, but there are other equipments of touristic interest such as: the camping park in a regular state of conservation located in Sumbe, the lodging-house Santa Filomena, the School of ex-Mocidade Portuguesa, still in good condition, the castle of Cruzeiro; Gabela lodging-house female home of ex-Mocidade Portuguesa and his camping park at Cela.

Capital: Sumbe; Area: 55.660 sq. Km; Population: 580.000 inhab.; City Councils: 12 – Sumbe, Porto Amboim, Quibala, Libolo, Mussende, Amboim, Ebo, Quilenda, Conda, Waku Kungo, Seles, Cassongue; Climate: dry tropical and of altitude; Main Products: agricultural: palms, cotton, sisal, coffee, banana, pineapple, corn, rice, sunflower, citrines; minerals: quartz, barium monoxide, copper; others: fish, farming.